In this free guitar lesson by Yaakov Hoter from www.gypsyandjazz.com:
– Learn the song Swing 48 by Django Reinhardt.
– Learn to improvise over the Minor Blues progression.
– Learn how to play Gypsy and Jazz improvisation with Arpeggios.
Learn how to play arpeggios in five positions all over the fingerboard and use them to create great improvisations over the minor blues form over Django Reinhardt’s popular composition, Swing 48.
First, I’ll teach you the chord progression (you can see the chart displayed on your screen). It’s a standard minor blues, but the Gypsy jazz style uses m6 chords instead of the m7 chords often used in jazz blues.
Before I teach you the melody, I want you to understand the basic concepts of playing with arpeggios – broken chords. You use the notes of the chords to create melodies in your improvisation. That means that you need to master the arpeggios all over the fingerboard so they can serve you when you want to improvise.
There are twelve basic positions for any arpeggio, based on the twelve frets on the fingerboard, but we really only need five vertical positions for everyday use, plus two horizontal positions that use the whole fingerboard and allow you to move from place to place. It’s great to know the connections from one position to the next for each arpeggio.
Now that you understand the arpeggio concept, let’s learn the melody in detail, including precise fingering, timing and deep understanding.
Once you have the melody down pat, learn the arpeggios for all the chords in the song (Gm6, Cm6 and D7)/ Get used to running from one to another according to the form of the song, first slowly and then gradually increasing the tempo.
When that becomes easy, you can practice creating melodies, using these arpeggios in the form of the song. First it’ll be like an exercise, but as you progress, you can make it more musical, add variations like half-tone approaches, trills and changes in rhythm. Quoting from the melody and combining arpeggios with the melody can be very effective and fun.
Let me show you what I mean with a demonstration using all the tools.
Now let’s delve into the horizontal arpeggios. Take a look at the Gm arpeggio. You can see my demonstration and the tabs on screen. Notice the variation between the ascending and descending positions. Practicing this is also a great exercise for improving your rest-stroke picking technique, which is one of the special characteristics of Django’s style.
Now, we’ll go on to the diminished horizontal arpeggio starting on the third degree of the dominant chord, which gives the flattened ninth sound, which is so typical of the Gypsy and jazz improvisation language.
For D, F# is the third degree and the diminished arpeggio is symmetrical, with one and a half tones from one note to the next. You can start the arpeggio anywhere on the fingerboard.
Remember to use the trick of moving from position to position on the fingerboard via horizontal arpeggios. It’s so nice to play each chorus in a different register or area on the fingerboard.
Plan to spend some time learning the arpeggios and getting the knack of connecting them in different positions. It’s well-worth the time it takes to learn them very thoroughly. My free Gypsy and Jazz Arpeggio Booklet can help you with that. Sign up to get it here: https://www.gypsyandjazz.com/the-blog/
Have fun with these ideas and techniques, play around with them and create your own melodies and solos. They’ll be better than ever.
Enjoy watching the beautiful demonstration.
If you liked this, you’ll love the full arpeggio course. You can get it here: https://courses.gypsyandjazz.com/courses/take/arpeggios/lessons/249396-1-1-introduction
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